Publicly funded nuclear fusion laboratories are experiencing competition from the private sector, giving new energy to the field.
A large part of the academic research undertaken by physicists is, in one way or another, driven by the pursuit of practical applications. But actual, sellable products based on ideas explored in academia are rarely designed, let alone produced, in universities or research institutes. Rather, this typically happens, as soon as a proof of concept has been demonstrated, in start-up companies spun off from research organizations or completely independent ones.
In certain technological sectors — electronics and biotechnology are good…